Types of Seismic Hazards
The Earthquake Environment


Sources of Earthquakes

  • Meteor impact
  • Volcanoes
  • Reservoir induced
  • Well injection
  • Tectonic (associated with continental drift)
    - at edges of continental plates
    - mid-continent
    - mid-ocean ridge

Sources of Damage

  • Fault rupturing
  • Liquefaction and soil failure
  • Slope instability and landslides
  • Tsunami and seiche
  • Fire
  • Flooding
  • Earth shaking
  • Building hammering