Project Title/ID Number CPT Testing of Deposits in Imperial Valley—3D04
Start/End Dates 5/1/03 – 3/31/04
Project Leader Jonathan Stewart (UCLA/F)
Team Members

F=faculty; GS=graduate student; US=undergraduate student; PD=post-doc; I=industrial collaborator; O=other

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1. Project Goals/Objectives:

This project consisted of retesting of liquefaction and non-liquefaction field case histories in the Imperial Valley with the cone penetration test (CPT). The River Park and Heber Road sites were originally tested using a mechanical cone following the 1979 Imperial Valley Earthquake (Bennett et al., 1981; Youd & Bennett, 1983). These two sites are rich in information because they have experienced several earthquakes in recent history, have been subjected to moderate levels of strong ground shaking, the liquefiable soils have appreciable fines content, and the sites contain a number of non-liquefied data points.

Recent liquefaction case histories databases (Moss et al., 2003) are based on data acquired using the electric cone, following ASTM spec. 5778. Case histories previously explored with the mechanical cone are now obsolete and the data non-standard. The electric cone data at the Heber Road and River Park sites is summarized in Figure 1.

Figure 1A Figure 1b
Fig. 1. Example CPT data from River park (left) and Heber Road (right)
showing critical layers for liquefaction triggering

These important sites can now be incorporated into liquefaction case history databases and used in back-analysis of liquefaction triggering. The data points are overlaid on the worldwide liquefaction case history inventory in Figure 2.

Figure 2
Fig. 2. New liquefaction/non-liquefaction case histories, corrected for friction ratio,
shown with probabilistic liquefaction triggering curves and worldwide database of Moss & Seed (2004).
Filled symbols are liquefaction data points and hollow symbols are non-liquefaction data points.

2. Role of this project in supporting PEER’s mission (vision):

The data strengthens the database upon which probabilistic liquefaction triggering models are based. Such triggering models are important for incorporating ground failure phenomena into performance based design procedures.

3. Methodology Employed:

Standard CPT testing procedures.

4. Brief Description of past year’s accomplishments (Year 6) & more detail on expected Year 7 accomplishments:

Year 6: n/a
Year 7: project complete and final report submitted.

5. Other Similar Work Being Conducted Within and Outside PEER and How This Project Differs:

Liquefaction case history documentation and analysis by Bray and co-workers using Turkey data and Stewart and co-workers using Taiwan data.

6. Plans for Year 8 if project is expected to be continued:

No continued funding is sought.

7. Describe any actual instances where you are aware your results have been used in industry:


8. Expected Milestones & Deliverables:

Milestones are all met. Deliverable was a report that has been submitted to PEER. Journal paper to follow.

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