Geotechnical Site Investigation at Electrical Sub-Stations

Project Description and Objectives

"The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey earthquake (Mw = 7.4) caused an immediate, countrywide blackout of the transmission system due to high-voltage substation damage and power plants tripping off."* 
"Nine transmission substations suffered damage or disruption to transformers, switching equipment, and buildings. All damage was associated with strong shaking"* 
The primary goal of this study is to document the geotechnical conditions prevailing under those electrical substations were the damage may be related to the subsoil conditions.

* O'Rourke, T. D. et al. Water, Gas, Electric Power and Telecommunications Performance. Chapter 16 of the 1999 Kocaeli Turkey, Earthquake Reconnaissance Report. Earthquake Spectra, Supplement A to Volume 16, December 2000. pp. 377-402.

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